Your Electric Fencing Checklist
What do I need to make an Electric Fence?
An Electric Fence is a circuit where an electrical current (one pulse per second) passes through the fence wire. When the animal touches the fence it completes the electrical circuit. The electric pulse travels through the animal (it won't harm them, its just a large static shock to scare them) to the ground it is standing on. The energy goes through the ground back to the earth stake and then back to the energiser unit. The fence can be in one long straight line and it will still work, as it is the animal that makes the completed circuit.
All electric fencing systems need the following:-
1. An Energiser (battery or solar powered , or mains powered) to provide the current to the Fence. The Energiser is often called a 'Fencer'. The type of Energiser you will need is dependent on the length and type of Fencing you plan to use and the type of animals you intend to keep in or keep out.
2. Either: A roll of Electric Netting Or: Rolls of Electro-tape, electro-rope or polywire in sufficient quantity to make up from one to six strands of fence depending on the animal.
3. An Earth Stake - some energisers have them built in - but without one your fence will not work.
4. For Electric Netting: No other posts or insulators are needed, the posts are already in the netting and it comes with some pegs and a warning sign.
5. For electro-tape, electro-rope or polywire: Insulators to screw into timber/metal posts and there a large variety of these available, or, use Plastic Tread-in Posts which have 'wire carriers' on them and these come in different heights and 'sturdiness' too. If using several strands of tape/wire then connectors are also necessary to connect all strands together and ensure the pulse transfers through each line, or, the wire can be 'woven' in a zig-zag way through the insulators or posts.
6. For Mains Energisers: Some insulated HT cable (often called lead-out cable), and crocodile clips or clamps, to connect the Energiser to the fence and also to the Earth Stake.
7. For Battery Energisers: A battery, either 12v, 9v or 6v, appropriate to that energiser. Some low voltage energisers use normal 'D' size batteries available in any supermarket.
These are the requirements for any basic system. There are also many other bits and bobs you can add e.g. gates, reels etc. to get the final system you want. If you need advice please do call us on 01300 345229.
How Electric Fencing Works is Copyright ©Flyte so Fancy 2009. Author: Anne Weymouth. Reproduction of part or all of this text is only possible with the express permission of Flyte so Fancy Ltd.