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Posted by Matt Cameron
Created 16th June 2016 Garden Storage
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Wood Burning Guide

alder

Alder

Low Quality. Although Alder wood tends to burn quickly when fully seasoned, it gives off little heat.

1-flame
apple

Apple

Extremely hard stuff once seasoned. Applewood burns with a gorgeous aroma and doesn’t tend to spark or spit.

5-flame
ash

Ash

One of the best woods for fuel producing lovely flames and great heat, even when green. Use the branches for kindling.

5-flame
beech

Beech

Very good firewood which produces both heat and flame. Beech can sometimes give off a few sparks. Best seasoned for a year.

4-flame
birch

Birch

Good firewood producing a great fire and burns fairly quickly, even unseasoned. Can use the bark as kindling.

4-flame
blackthorn

Blackthorn

Although the logs are small, Blackthorn burns slowly and gives off lots of heat and little smoke.

5-flame
cedar

Cedar

Not a good wood to burn on open fires as it spits and sparks. Lovely aroma. Ideal for kindling. Needs long seasoning

2-flame
cherry

Cherry

Season well. It Burns slowly without spitting. Pleasant smell.

4-flame
douglas_fir

Douglas Fir

Produces lots of flame but burns very quickly.

3-flame
elder

Elder

Smoky quick burner. Not much heat and not commonly used for firewood.

3-flame
elm

Elm

Huge water content so needs long seasoning. Good firewood, burns slowly, giving constant heat.

3-flame
eucalyptus

Eucalyptus

Not commonly used as firewood. Burns quickly without spitting.

3-flame
hawthorn

Hawthorn

Excellent firewood burns hot and slowly. Even the smaller twigs are worth using.

5-flame
hazel

Hazel

Excellent firewood when seasoned. No spitting, burns quickly.

4-flame
holly

Holly

Good firewood only when seasoned.

3-flame
hornbeam

Hornbeam

Good firewood, producing a hot slow-burning fire. Tip – prepare before seasoning as it is a very hardwood.

4-flame
horsechestnut

Horse Chestnut

Lots of spitting but good flame and heat. Needs long seasoning.

3-flame
larch

Larch

Tendency to spit and produces an oily soot in chimneys.

2-flame
laurel

Laurel

Produces a lovely flame, little heat.

2-flame
lime

Lime

Poor, low-quality fuel.

1-flame
maple

Maple

A good quality fuel-producing wood.

4-flame
oak

Oak

Excellent firewood. It burns slowly, giving off plenty of heat. Oak that hasn’t been seasoned long enough, 2 years ideal, can give off an acrid smoke.

5-flame
pear

Pear

Good heat, as well as a gorgeous aroma.

4-flame
pine

Pine

Good flame and scent but spits and leaves an oily soot in your chimney.

2-flame
plum

Plum

Good Heat and Scent.

3-flame
poplar

Poplar

Poor quality firewood.

1-flame
Rowan

Rowan

Produces a good, hot, slow-burning fire.

4-flame
spruce

Spruce

Not a good firewood, burning too quickly and producing lots of sparks.

1-flame
sweet_chestnut

Sweet Chestnut

Not suitable for an open fire as it spits excessively all the time.

1-flame
sycamore

Sycamore

Good firewood, burning well but produces only moderate heat.

3-flame
walnut

Walnut

Burns well with a pleasant smell.

3-flame
willow

Willow

It burns well if seasoned properly. Little flame, can spark.

3-flame
yew

Yew

One of the best. It burns slowly and produces lots of heat.

5-flame
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